- was born in Iran
- used to be a judge and an attorney there.
- works to better the lives of children and women in the Middle East.
- has been imprisoned and tortured.
- doesn’t let any of this stop her from doing what’s right.
- was the 11th woman and the first person from Iran and the first Muslim woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
- did not have her acceptance speech broadcast in Iran (supposedly for not wearing a headscarf, but I think most people can figure out the real reason).
- had her Nobel Peace Prize stolen by the government.
- lives in exile.
- was the first woman judge in Iran. (And then was removed, as women judges were later banned.)
- established the Society for Protecting the Rights of the Child, which promotes the principles in the International Convention on the Rights of the Child.
- established the Defenders of Human Rights Center, which provides defense for people accused of political crimes, educates Iranians about human rights, and reports on the condition of human rights in Iran, despite constant struggles against the Iranian government.
- has been critical of the US government.
- is a wife.
- is a mother to two daughters.
- evaded at least two attempts on her life.
- has written books.
- helped draft a law against child abuse that was later passed.
- helped found the Nobel Women’s Initiative.
- started the Million Signatures Campaign to end legal discrimination against women in Iran.
Others have said
- “As a lawyer, judge, lecturer, writer and activist, she has spoken out clearly and strongly in her country, Iran, and far beyond its borders. She has stood up as a sound professional, a courageous person, and has never heeded the threats to her own safety.” – Nobel Peace Prize Committee
- “Both in her research and as an activist, she is known for promoting peaceful, democratic solutions to serious problems in society. She takes an active part in the public debate and is well-known and admired by the general public in her country for her defence in court of victims of the conservative faction’s attack on freedom of speech and political freedom.” -Nobel Committee Profile
- “the worst nightmare of Iran’s hardline clerics” (From an Article in The Guardian)
- They should ask for their rights, but they should do it peacefully. Obviously the regime wants people to be violent because it gives them an excuse to crack down. People must not give them that excuse.”
- “A human being divested of all dignity, a human being deprived of human rights, a human being gripped by starvation, a human being beaten by famine, war and illness, a humiliated human being and a plundered human being is not in any position or state to recover the rights he or she has lost.”
- “The worst solution is a military attack. Democracy is not merchandise to be exported to a country, democracy cannot be purchased and sent to another country.”
- “The best thing that a student can do is study well — and then go back to Iran.”
- “Any person who pursues human rights in Iran must live with fear from birth to death, but I have learned to overcome my fear.”
- “I compare my situation to a person on board a ship. When there is a shipwreck the passenger then falls in the ocean and has no choice but to keep swimming. What happened in our society was that the laws overturned every right that women had. I had no choice. I could not get tired, I could not lose hope. I cannot afford to do that.”
- “Democracy is like a flower. You must water it daily and check the light if you want to keep it alive. You can’t pour a bucket of water in your flower pot and go back to it a month later.”
- “If no one speaks out when a government violates human rights and uses oppression, this oppression continues. But when people are informed, they gradually become aware, and when they become aware, they begin to object. No change happens in society unless people become aware.”
- “That’s when I felt that human rights were being neglected. … Undemocratic countries are more dangerous than a nuclear bomb. It’s undemocratic countries that jeopardise international peace.”
- “I maintain that nothing useful and lasting can emerge from violence.”
- “When there is injustice to one people and there is no way of receiving justice and when several generations live under the poverty line and there is no hope for the improvement of their lives, they may forget their sanity because of hopelessness. And thus they may resort to violence.”
“Undoubtedly, my selection will be an inspiration to the masses of women who are striving to realize their rights, not only in Iran but throughout the region – rights taken away from them through the passage of history. This selection will make women in Iran, and much further afield, believe in themselves. Women constitute half of the population of every country. To disregard women and bar them from active participation in political, social, economic and cultural life would in fact be tantamount to depriving the entire population of every society of half its capability. The patriarchal culture and the discrimination against women, particularly in the Islamic countries, cannot continue for ever.”
“Whenever women protest and ask for their rights, they are silenced with the argument that the laws are justified under Islam. It is an unfounded argument. It is not Islam at fault, but rather the patriarchal culture that uses its own interpretations to justify whatever it wants. It utilizes psychology to say that women are emotional. It utilizes medical science to say that men’s brains are formed in such a way that they are better able to understand concepts. These are all hypotheses. None of this has been proven. Needless to say, the dominant culture is going to insist on an interpretation of religion that happens to favor men. Before the revolution, there were the first 100 female judges in Iran. I was one of them. After the 1979 revolution, they argued that women cannot be judges, and they made us all into peons in the ministry of justice. But women resisted. We wrote essays, held protests, and organized conferences to insist that women being judges was not incompatible with Islam. After twenty years, they finally accepted the argument and said, OK, women can be judges. So, as you can see, one day they interpret Islam in such a way that women cannot be judges and the next day they manage to reverse themselves.”
“How can you defy fear? Fear is a human instinct, just like hunger. Whether you like it or not, you become hungry. Similarly with fear. But I have learned to train myself to live with this fear. Every time I am fearful I think to myself, the reason they do this is to discourage me from doing what I do. Hence, if I discontinue my work I will have succumbed to my fears.”
“In my memoir, I wanted to introduce American women to Iranian women and our lives. I’m not from the highest echelons of society, nor the lowest. I’m a women who is a lawyer, who is a professor at a university, who won the Nobel Peace Prize. At the same time, I cook. And even when I’m about to go to prison, one of the first things I do is to make enough food and put it in the fridge for my family.”
- 2003 Nobel Peace Prize
- Rafto prize
- Voted 12th leading public intellectual in 2005
- Women’s eNews 21 Leaders for the 21st Century Award
- International Democracy Award
- UCI Citizen Peacebuilding Award
Books about her (Note, I haven’t read any of these, these are just some of the books I’ve found):
I think that anyone who is willing to stand up for the rights of women and children in the face of such an oppressive regime should be hailed someone to look up to. It takes a lot of courage and bravery to stand up in a place like Iran, where you will face possible imprisonment and even potentially death.
- Remember Them: Champions for Humanity – Humanitarians Represented – Shirin Ebadi
- Shirin Ebadi wins the Nobel Prize (Link broken as of 6/7/15)
- Shirin Ebadi
- Oslo Freedom Forum – Shirin Ebadi (Link broken as of 8/6/14)
- Middle East Progress – Blog Archive – Iran’s Shirin Ebadi Calls on U.S. to Strengthen International Human Rights Law (Link broken at of 6/7/15)
- Shirin Ebadi
- Shirin Ebadi Interview: The Progressive
- Shirin Ebadi: Iranian Nobel Peace winner Shirin Ebadi threatened in her home – Los Angeles Times
- Shirin Ebadi – Wikiquote
- Thank technology for Middle East Uprising: Shirin Ebadi – euronews, world news
- Shirin Ebadi
- Ebadi: Vote for those who respect human rights – CNN.com
- Shirin Ebadi – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- Nobel Women’s Initiative – Shirin Ebadi: Nobel Women’s Initiative
- Peacejam: Shirin Edabi
- Shirin Edabi: Top 100 Women: World News: The Guardian
Find other prominent women I’ve profiled here.